By Owen Hopkins
This cutting edge and precise publication is a visible consultant to the constructions that encompass us, naming all of the noticeable architectural positive aspects. not like different architectural dictionaries, the reader doesn't need to be aware of the identify prior to having a look it up. An unique and available tackle the architectural dictionary, this ebook takes you on a visible journey of the structures and constructions round us.
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Extra info for Reading Architecture: A Visual Lexicon
143CR Phil Degginger; 143BL Icpix_can; 143BR Greg Balfour Evans; 147T Tomobis; 147B David Gee; 148B Maciej Wojtkowiak; 149TL Angelo Hornak; 149TR Mike sales space; 149CL Bildarchiv Monheim GmbH; 149CR Robert Stainforth; 149B Holmes backyard images; 151TL Stephen Dorey ABIPP; 151TR Archimage; 151 Row 2L Yadid Levy; 151 Row 3L Stephen Dorey ABIPP; 151 Row 3R Duncan Phillips; 151BL Tom Merton; 151BR Michael Ventura; 152 Lourens Smak; 153 © David Zanzinger Acknowledgements even supposing this booklet is in lots of methods meant to be a departure from the conventional architectural dictionary, it really is unavoidably indebted to many present works, regrettably too a number of to say individually.
Perron An external set of steps resulting in a grand entranceway or portal. See nation homes and Villas, p. 35. Piano nobile A Classical building’s relevant storey. See kingdom homes and Villas, p. 35. Pier An upright (rarely angled) member delivering vertical structural help. Pilaster A flattened column that tasks a bit of from the face of a wall. See Columns and Piers, p. sixty two. 164 Portico A porch extending from the physique of a development, frequently with a temple entrance of a colonnade crowned via a pediment.
Altar rails a suite of railings isolating the sanctuary from the remainder of the cathedral or church. See The Medieval Cathedral, p. 20. Apse The as a rule semicircular recession from the physique of the chancel or, certainly, any a part of a cathedral or church. See The Medieval Cathedral, p. 17. Arabesque Acroteria Amorphous Sculptures – frequently urns, palmettes or statues – put on flat pedestals on most sensible of a pediment. If sculpture is positioned on the outer angles of a pediment instead of on the apex, they're referred to as ‘acroteria angularia’.
This can be illustrated vividly in Toyo Ito’s Sendai Mediatheque (p. fifty five) with its it seems that common box-like shape that is in reality supported internally by means of hole diagrid-lattice tubes. William Le Baron Jenney, Leiter II development, Chicago, 1891. Rectilinear grid constitution A structural body composed completely from a chain of vertical and horizontal parts. See additionally smooth constructions, pp. seventy eight, eighty. Entablature The superstructure above the capitals, composed of architrave, frieze and cornice. See additionally Columns and Piers, pp.
See additionally Arches, p. seventy six. Capital The splayed and adorned uppermost a part of the column on which the entablature sits. See additionally Columns and Piers, pp. sixty four, sixty five, sixty six, sixty seven, sixty eight, sixty nine. part Equilateral arch An arch shaped from intersecting curves, the centres of that are on the opposing imposts. The chords of every curve are equivalent to the arch span. See additionally Arches, p. seventy four. Elevation 19 Building forms The Medieval Cathedral › furniture Font › A basin, frequently ornamented, used for containing the baptismal water; occasionally coated via a ‘font hood’.